Directly to the main navigation Go to the main content Directly to the main navigation Go directly to search

Germans driven back


The invasion.                    

On June 6th, 1944 the long-awaited invasion finally began. American, British and Canadian troops landed on the shores of Normandy. On August 4th they reached Paris, and on September 3rd Brussels. The liberation of the Netherlands seemed imminent. But after failed airborne landings near Arnhem, the Allied advance came
to a halt at the Rhine.

Winter of hardship

Food dropping by allied airplane.

The largest part of the Dutch population had a winter of hardship ahead before the liberation finally came in May 1945. After the airborne landings, the area around Arnhem was evacuated. Dire food shortages afflicted the western part of the Netherlands. The Germans became increasingly ruthless. They forced Dutch men to lay German defence lines. Resistance actions were followed by harsh reprisals.

More articles in this dossier

There is much more to tell about this topic. Read more on the pages below.